The United Arab Emirates is using drone technology to improve its rainfall at temperatures above 40 ° C.
Abu Dhabi and Al Ain are among the cities that were relocated after the National Center of Meteorology (NCM) implemented cloud seeding technology.
The drones fly in clouds and discharge electric charges, which helps water drops to merge and form precipitation.
The land usually looks less than 100mm of Precipitation a year, compared to the UK average of 1300 mm.
The NCM has made 126 cloud seeding flights since early 2021, according to Gulf Today.
This includes 14 flights since last Tuesday, with a flight of two to three hours in most regions of the country.
The organization attributed in part to increased rainfall to its cloud seed efforts.
Other techniques used to stimulate rainfall in the country, involving salt or other chemicals falling into clouds, are designed to accelerate the growth of water droplets.
Some studies suggest that cloud seeding could increase rainfall by up to 35%, but others argue about its effectiveness.
China and India are among other countries testing this technology.
Professor Giles Harrison, of the University of Reading, is working on the research and said it was “intended to bring Blue-Sky thinking to cloud and rain”.
He said: “Our project is about shifting the balance of charges to the smallest cloud droplets, a neglected aspect of clouds that could revolutionize our ability to manipulate reefs and areas that need it most.”
“Water scarcity is one of the biggest problems facing humanity, and climate change offers more uncertainty around rainfall,” said Dr Keri Nicoll, another academic who conducted preliminary tests in Bath.
She said initiatives to improve rainfall are crucial in parts of the world that are “really fighting for water”.